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Turner, A., V. Sluis, E. Williams, T. J. Benson, M. P. Ward, and M. E. Hauber. 2023. Examining causes and characteristics of egg ejection behaviour in the American Robin (Turdus migratorius), Behaviour

Enos, J. K., R. Ducay, R. T. Paitz, M. P. Ward, and M. E. Hauber. 2023. Female red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) do not alter nest site selection, maternal programming, or hormone-mediated maternal effects in response to perceived nest predation or brood parasitism risk. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 114322.

Jones, T. M., A. Di Giovanni, M. E. Hauber, and M. P. Ward. 2023.  Ontogenetic effects of brood parasitism by the Brown-headed Cowbird on host offspring from incubation through independence. Ecology e3925.

Skinner, A. A., S. N Matthews, M. P. Ward, I. Souza-Cole, J. R. Wright, F. R. Thompson, T. J. Benson, and C. M. Tonra. 2023. Agriculture and forest fragmentation are associated with increased winter home range size in the Eastern Whip-poor-will. Ornithological Applications 125 (1).

Di Giovanni, A. J., M. J. Miller, T. M. Jones, T. J. Benson, and M. P. Ward. 2023. Hatching failure is greater in altricial bird species with cavity nests and large clutches. Ornithology 140 (1)


Goldberg, D. L., A. M. Tauber, M. P. Ward, and A. P. Capparella. 2022. Soras over Illinois: Nocturnal settlement patterns in Porzana Carolina are site-specific but show no evidence of visual or acoustic cues. Waterbirds 45: 82-90.

Askren, R. J., M. W. Eichholz, C. M. Sharp, B E. Washburn, S. Beckerman, C. Pullins, A, M. V. Fournier, J. A. Vonbank, M. D. Weegman, H. Hagy, and M. P. Ward. 2022. Behavioral responses of Canada Geese to winter harassment in the context of human-wildlife conflict. Wildlife Society Bulletin e1384.

Jones, T. M., T. J. Benson, M. E. Hauber, and M. P. Ward. 2022. Host-community wide patterns of post-fledgling behavior and survival of obligate brood parasitic Brown-headed Cowbirds. Oecologia 198:981-993.

Souza-Cole, I, M. P. Ward, R. L. Mau, J. T. Foster, and T. J. Benson. 2022. Eastern Whip-poor-will abundance declines with urban land cover and increases with moth abundance in the American Midwest. Ornithological Applications.

Jones, T. M., S. J. Chiavacci, T. J. Benson, and M. P. Ward. 2022. Nesting and post-fledgling predation risk influence diel patterns of songbird fledging. Ibis

Skinner, A. A., M. P. Ward, I. Souza-Cole, J. R. Wright, F. R. Thompson III, T. J. Benson, S. N. Matthews, and C. M. Tonra. 2022. High spatiotemporal overlap in the non-breeding season despite geographically dispersed breeding locations in the eastern whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus). Diversity and Distribution 28: 712-726.

Jones, T. M., and M. P. Ward. 2022. Post-fledging behavioral ecology of migratory songbirds: how do fledgling activity rates vary across species. Behavioral Ecology 33: 336-342.


Feldman, R. E., A. Celis-Murillo, J. L. Deppe, and M. P. Ward. 2021. Stopover behavior of Red-eyed Vireos (Vireo olivaceus) during fall migration on the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. Avian Research 12: 1-12.

Merrill, L., T. M. Jones, J. D. Brawn, and M. P. Ward. 2021. Early life patterns of growth are linked to levels of phenotypic trait covariance and post-fledging mortality across avian species. Ecology and Evolution 11: 15695-15707.

Trumbo, E. M., M. P. Ward, J. N. Macey, N. A. Grigsby, and J. D. Brawn. 2021. Post-fledgling ecology of an endangered Golden-cheeked Warblers. Journal of Field Ornithology

Jones, T. M. and M. P. Ward. 2021. Parasitic cowbird development up to fledging and subsequent post-fledging survival reflect life history variation found across host species. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 75: 1-10.

Horsley N. and M. P. Ward. 2021. Why is the Common Grackle becoming less common? Avian Conservation and Ecology 16: 2.

Enos, J. K., M. P. Ward, and M. E. Hauber. 2021. A review of the scientific evidence of the impact of biologically salient frightening devices to protect crops from avian pests. Crop Protection 105734

Zenzal, T., M. P. Ward, R. Diehl, J. Buler, J. Smolinsky, J. L. Deppe, R. Bolus, A. Celis-Murillo, and F. R. Moore. 2021. Retreat, detour, or advance? Understanding the movement of birds confronting the Gulf of Mexico. Oikos 130: 739-75

Allen, M. L., A. Inagaki, and M. P. Ward. 2021. Cannibalism in raptors: A review. Journal of Raptor Research 54: 424-430.


Jones, T. M., J. D. Brawn, I. J. Ausprey, A. C. Vitz, A. D. Rodewald, D. W. Raybuck, T. J. Boves, C. J. Fiss, D. J. McNeil, S. H. Stoleson, J. L. Larking, W. A. Cox, A. C. Schwarzer, N. P. Horsley, E. M. Trumbo, and M. P. Ward. 2020. Parental benefits and offspring costs reflect parent-offspring conflict over the age of fledging among songbirds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 117: 30539-30546

Goldberg, D. L., T. Bassingthwaite, M. P. Ward, and A. P. Capparella. 2020. Calling owl: rail adjust vocal activity rates in response to changes in predation risk. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 132: 1038-1043.

Buxton, V., J. K. Enos, J. H. Sperry, and M. P. Ward. 2020. A review of conspecific attraction for habitat selection across taxa. Ecology and Evolution (PDF)

Jones, T. M and M. P. Ward. 2020. Pre- to post-fledgling carryover effects and the adaptive significance of variation in wing development for juvenile songbirds. Journal of Animal Ecology. (PDF)

Allen, M. L., A. Inagaki, and M. P. Ward. 2020. Cannibalism in raptors: A review. Journal of Raptor Research. (PDF)

Jones, T. M, T. J. Benson, and M. P. Ward. 2020. Does the size and developmental stage of traits at fledging reflect juvenile flight ability among birds? Functional Ecology 34: 799-810. (PDF)

Merrill, L, S. A. Tyndel, M. P. Ward, T. J. Benson, and J. H. Sperry. 2020. Effect of conspecific attraction on the presence of Northern Bobwhite. Journal of Field Ornithology 91 189-198. (PDF)

Kothera, L, J. P. Mutebi, J. L. Kenney, K. Saxton-Shaw, M. P. Ward, and H. M. Savage. 2020. Bloodmeal, host selection, and genetic admixture analyses of Culex pipiens complex (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes in Chicago, IL. Journal of Medical Entomology 57(1), 78-87. (PDF)


MacDonald, S. E., M. P. Ward, and J. H. Sperry. 2019. Manipulating social information to promote frugivory by birds on a Hawaiian Island. Ecological Applications 29( 7):e01963. (PDF)

Allen, M. L., M. P. Ward, D. Južnič, and M. Krofel. 2019. Scavenging by owls: A global review and new observations from Europe and North America. Journal of Raptor Research 53: 410-418. (PDF)

Askren, R. J., B. E. Dorak, H. M. Hagy, M. W. Eiccholz, B. E. Washburn, and M. P. Ward. 2019. Tracking Canada Geese near airports: Using spatial data to better inform management. Human-Wildlife Interactions 13: 18. (PDF)

Kelly, J., N. Suckow, and M. P. Ward. 2019. Preferential settling at sites with higher conspecific density does not protect Yellow Warblers (Setophaga petechial) from brood parasitism. Acta Oecologica 96:24-28. (PDF)

Fox, J., B. Semel, and M. P. Ward. 2019. The reproductive success of Sandhill Cranes in Midwestern landscapes. Journal of Wildlife Management 85: 1163-1171. (PDF)

Jones, T. M., L. Merrill, S. E. Zachar, J. D. Brawn, and M. P. Ward. 2019. Haemosporidian parasite infections in the Dickcissel (Spiza americana): Prevalence and costs. Journal of Parasitology 105: 232-236. (PDF)

Nawrocki, J. A., R. L. Schooley, and M. P. Ward. 2019. When good animals love restored habitat in bad neighborhoods: ecological traps for eastern cottontails in agricultural landscapes. Biodiversity and Conservation 28: 953-973. (PDF)


Ward, M. P., T. J. Benson, J. L. Deppe, T. J. Zenzal, R. H. Diehl, A. Celis-Murillo, R. Bolus, and F. R. Moore. 2018. Estimating apparent survival of songbirds crossing the Gulf of Mexico during autumn migration. Proceeding of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 285: 20181747. (PDF)

Schofield, L. N. J. L. Deppe, T. J. Zenzal, M. P. Ward , R. H. Diehl, R. T. Bolus, and F. R. Moore. 2018. Using automated radio telemetry to quantify activity patterns of songbirds during stopover. The Auk: Ornithological Advances 135: 949-963. (PDF)

Ward, M. P., K. W. Stodola, J. W. Walk, T. J. Benson, J. L. Deppe, and J. D. Brawn. 2018. Changes in bird distributions in Illinois, USA over the 20th century were driven by use of alternative rather than primary habitats. The Condor: Ornithological Applications 120: 622-631. (PDF)

Jones, T. M., J. D. Brawn, and M. P. Ward. 2018. Development of activity rates in fledgling songbirds: when do young birds begin to behave like adults? Behaviour 155: 337-350. (PDF)

Chiavacci, S., T. J. Benson, and M. P. Ward. 2018. Linking landscape composition to predator-specific nest predation requires examining multiple landscape scales. Journal of Applied Ecology 55: 2082-2092.(PDF)

Zenzal, T. J., F. R. Moore, R. H. Diehl, M. P. Ward, and J. L. Deppe. 2018. Migratory hummingbirds make their own rules: The decision to resume migration along a barrier. Animal Behavior137: 215-224. (PDF)

Kelly, J. K., S. Chiavacci, T. J. Benson, and M. P. Ward. 2018. Who’s in the neighborhood? Conspecific and heterospecific responses to perceived density for breeding habitat selection. Ethology124: 269-278. (PDF)

Schofield, L. N., J. L. Deppe, R. H. Diehl, M. P. Ward, R. T. Bolus, T. J. Zenzal, J. Smolinsky, and F. R. Moore. 2018. Occurrence of quiescence in free-ranging migratory songbirds. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 72: 36. (PDF)

Buxton, V. L., M. P. Ward, and J. H. Sperry. 2018. Evaluation of conspecific attraction as a management tool across several species of anurans. Diversity 10: 6. (PDF)

Wilcoxen, C. A., M. P. Ward, and J. W. Walk. 2018. Use of cover crops fields by migratory and resident birds in the Midwest. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 252: 42-50. (PDF)


Stodola, K. W. and M. P. Ward. 2017. The emergent properties of conspecific attraction can limit a species’ ability to track environmental change. American Naturalist 189: 726-733. (PDF)

Jones, T. M., J. D. Brawn, and M. P. Ward. 2017. Post-fledgling habitat use in the dickcissel. The Condor: Ornithological Applications 119: 497-504(PDF)

Kelly, J. K., and M. P. Ward. 2017. Do songbirds attend to song categories when selecting breeding habitats? A case study with a wood warbler. Behaviour. 154: 1123-1144. 7:14280.(PDF)

Bolus, R., R. H. Diehl, F. Moore, J. L. Deppe, M. P. Ward, J. Smolinsky, and T. J. Zenzal. 2017. Swainson’s thrushes do not show strong wind selectivity prior to crossing the Gulf of Mexico. Scientific Reports 7:14280.(PDF)

Anich, N. M. and M. P. Ward. 2017. Using audio playback to expand the geographic breeding range of an endangered species. Diversity and Distribution 23: 1499-1508. (PDF)

Dorak, B. E., M. P. Ward, M. W. Eichholz, B. E. Washburn, T. P. Lyons, and H. M. Hagy. 2017. Survival and habitat selection of Canada geese during autumn and winter in metropolitan Chicago, USA. The Condor: Ornithological Applications 119: 787-799. (PDF)

Buxton, V. L., M. P. Ward, and J. H. Sperry. 2017. Frog breeding pond selection in response to predators and conspecific cues. Ethology 123: 397-404. (PDF)

Celis-Murillo A., W. Schelsky, T. J. Benson, M. I. M. Louder, and M. P. Ward. 2017. Patterns, correlates, and paternity consequences of extraterritorial foray behavior in the field sparrow (Spizella pusilla): an automated telemetry approach. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 48: 439-447. (PDF)

Jones, C., K. W. Stodola, J. Coombs, M. P. Ward, and R. Cooper. 2017. Responses of a habitat specialist and a migratory habitat generalist to fragmentation in southern pine savannas. Journal of Wildlife Management 81: 347-355. (PDF)

Berry, W. B., R. L. Schooley, and M. P. Ward. 2017. Landscape context affects use of restored grasslands by mammals in a dynamic agroecosystem. American Midland Naturalist 177: 165-182. (PDF)

Jones, T. M., M. P. Ward, and J. D. Brawn. 2017. Variation in nestling body condition and wing development predict cause-specific mortality in fledgling dickcissels. Journal of Avian Biology 48: 439-447.(PDF)


Celis-Murillo, A., T. J. Benson, R. Sosa-Lopez, and M. P. Ward. 2016. Nocturnal songs in a diurnal passerine: Attracting mates or repelling intruders? Animal Behaviour 118: 105-114. (PDF)

Matthews, J. W., D. Skultety, B. Zercher, M. P. Ward, and T. J. Benson. 2016. Field verification of original and updated national wetland inventory maps in three metropolitan areas in Illinois, USA. Wetlands 36: 1155-1165.(PDF)

DeGregorio B. A., P. J. Weatherhead, M. P. Ward, and J. H. Sperry. 2016. Do seasonal patterns of rat snake (Pantherophis obsoletus) and racer (Coluber constrictor) activity predict avian nest predation? Ecology and Evolution 6: 2034-2043. (PDF)

Celis-Murillo, A, K. W. Stodola, B. Pappdopoli, J. M. Burton, and M. P. Ward. 2016. Seasonal and daily patterns of nocturnal singing in the Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla). Journal of Ornithology 3: 853-860. (PDF)

Mackay, A. J., E. J. Muturi, M. P. Ward, and B. F. Allan. 2016. A cascade of ecological consequences for West Nile virus transmission when aquatic macrophytes invade anthropogenic stormwater habitats. Ecological Applications 26: 219-232. (PDF)

Zhang, V. Y., A. Celis-Murillo, and M. P. Ward. 2016. Conveying information with one song type: Changes in the dawn song of Field Sparrows (Spizella pusilla) with different female breeding stages. Bioasoustics 25: 19-28. (PDF)


Deppe, J. L., M. P. Ward, R. H. Diehl, A. Celis-Murillo, R. Bolus, T. J. Zenzal, F. Moore, J. Smolinsky, L. Schofield, D. Enstrom, E. Paxton, G. Bohrer, T. J. Benson, T. Beveroth, D. Delaney, and W. Cochran. 2016. Fat, weather, and date affect migratory songbird’s departure decisions, routes, and time it takes to cross the Gulf of Mexico. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112: E6331-E6338. (PDF)

Jessop, J., G. Spyreas, G. Pociask, T. J. Benson, M. P. Ward, A. D. Kent, and J. W. Matthews. 2015. Tradeoffs among ecosystem services in restored wetlands. Biological Conservation 191: 341-348. (PDF)

Louder, M. I. M., M. P. Ward, W. M. Schelsky. M. E. Hauber, and J. P. Hoover. 2015. Out on their own: A test of adult-assisted dispersal in fledgling brood parasites reveals solitary departures from hosts. Animal Behaviour 110: 29-37. (PDF)

DeGregorio, B. A., J. H. Sperry, M. P. Ward and P. J. Weatherhead. 2015. Wait Until Dark? Daily Activity Patterns and Nest Predation by Snakes. Ethology 12: 1225-1234. (PDF)

Andrews, J. E., J. D. Brawn, and M. P. Ward. 2015. When to use social cues: Conspecific attraction at newly created grasslands. The Condor: Ornithological Applications 117: 297-305. (PDF)

Chiavacci, S., M.P. Ward, and T.J. Benson. 2015 Why fledge early in the day? Examining the role of predation risk in shaping fledgling behavior. Behavioral Ecology 26: 593-600. (PDF)

Buxton, V.L., J. H. Sperry, and M. P. Ward. 2015. Use of chorus sounds for location of breeding habitat in two species of anuran amphibians. Behavioral Ecology 26: 1111-1118. (PDF)


Hagy, H.M., A.P. Yetter, K.W. Stodola, M.M. Horath, C.S. Hine, M.P. Ward, T.J. Benson, R.V. Smith, and J.A. Stafford. 2014. Stopover duration of Mallards during autumn in the Illinois River valley. Journal of Wildlife Management 78: 747-752. (PDF)

Stodola, K.W., B. O’Neil, M. Alessi, J. Deppe, T. Dallas, T. Beveroth, T.J. Benson, and M.P. Ward. 2014. Stopover ecology of American golden-plovers (Pluvialis dominica) in Midwestern agricultural fields. Condor 116: 162-172. (PDF)

Ward, M.P., M. Alessi, T.J. Benson, and S.J. Chiavacci. 2014. The active nightlife of diurnal birds: extra-territorial forays and nocturnal activity patterns. Animal Behaviour 88: 175-184.(PDF)

VanBeek, K.R., J.D. Brawn, and M.P. Ward. 2014. Does no-till soybean farming provide any benefits for birds? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 185: 59-64.(PDF)


Mulligan, M.P., R.L. Schooley, and M.P. Ward. 2013. Effects of connectivity and regional dynamics on restoration of small mammal communities in Midwestern grasslands. Restoration Ecology 21: 678-685. (PDF)

Ward, M.P., J.H. Sperry, and P.J. Weatherhead. 2013 Evaluation of automated radio telemetry for quantifying movements and home ranges of snakes. Journal of Herpetology 47: 337-345. (PDF)

Lampman, R.L., N.M. Krasavin, M.P. Ward, T.A. Beveroth, E.R. Wheeler, B.W. Alto, and R. J. Novak. 2013. Vector, host and arbovirus interactions for West Nile virus in east central Illinois. American Journal of Mosquito Control Association 29: 108-122. (PDF)

Benson, T.J., S. Chiavacci, and M.P. Ward. 2013. Patch size and edge proximity are useful predictors of brood parasitism but not nest survival of grassland birds in eastern North America. Ecological Applications 23: 879–887. (PDF)

Sperry, J.H., M.P. Ward, and P.J. Weatherhead. 2013. Effects of temperature, moon phase, and prey on nocturnal activity of ratsnakes. Journal of Herpetology 47: 105-111 (PDF)


Benson, T.J, M.P. Ward, R.L. Lampman, A. Raim, and P.J. Weatherhead. 2012 Implications of spatial patterns of roosting and movements of American robins for West Nile Virus transmission. Vector-borne and Zoonotic Diseases 12: 877-885. (PDF)

Celis-Murillo, A., J.L. Deppe, and M.P. Ward. 2012. Effectiveness and utility of acoustic recordings for surveying tropical birds. Journal of Field Ornithology 83: 166–179. (PDF)


Ward, M.P., B. Semel, C. Jablonski, C. Deutsch, V. Giammaria, S. Miller, and B. McGuire. 2011. The positive and negative consequences of using conspecific attraction in management: a case study with endangered colonial waterbirds. Waterbirds 34: 476-480. (PDF)

Roberts, L.A., B. Molano-Flores, M.P. Ward, and D.C. Elbert. 2011. Insect emergence variation in northern Illinois wetlands used by the Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus). Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 104: 85-91. (PDF)

Ward, M.P. and A. Raim. 2011. The fly-and-social foraging hypothesis for diurnal migration: why American crows migrate during the day. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology65 : 1411-1418. (PDF)


Ward, M.P., C. Jablonski, B. Semel, and D. Soucek. 2010. The Biological Pathway and effect of PCBs on common terns in Lake Michigan. Ecotoxicology 19: 1513-1522. (PDF)

Ward, M.P., B. Semel, and J. Herkert. 2010. Long-term declines of wetland-dependent birds in a rapidly developing landscape. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 3287-3300. (PDF)

Bartlett, J.A., M.P. Ward, S.J. Landsman, and J.M. Epifanio. 2010. Are male bluegill faithful to nest sites or colonies? Journal of Fish Biology 77: 890-906. (PDF)

Alessi, M.G., T.J. Benson, and M.P. Ward. 2010. Nocturnal social cues attract migrating yellow-breasted chats. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 122: 780-783. (PDF)

Ward, M.P., T. Beveroth, R. Lampman, A. Raim, D. Enstrom, and R. Novak. 2010. Field-based estimates of avian mortality from West Nile virus infection. Vector-borne and Zoonotic Diseases 10 :909-913. (PDF)

McCusker, C.E., M.P. Ward, and J.D. Brawn. 2010. Seasonal responses of avian communities to invasive bush honeysuckles (Lonicera spp.). Biological Invasions 12: 2459-2470. (PDF)

Owen, J.C., F.R. Moore, A.J. Williams, M.P. Ward, T.A. Beveroth, E A. Miller, L.C. Wilson, V.J. Morley, R.N. Abbey-Lee, B.A. Veeneman, B. DeRussy, M. McWhorter, and M.C. Garvin. 2010. Test of recrudescence hypothesis for overwintering of West Nile virus in gray catbirds. Journal of Medical Entomology 47: 451-457. (PDF)

Ahlering, M.A., D. Arlt, M.G. Betts, R.J. Fletcher, Jr., J.J. Nocera, and M.P. Ward. 2010. Research needs for understanding conspecific attraction to better manage and conserve birds. Condor 112: 252-264. (PDF)

Ward, M.P., T.J. Benson, B. Semel, and J. Herkert. 2010. The Use of Social Cues in Habitat Selection by Wetland Birds. Condor 112: 245-251. (PDF)


Jacob, B., R. Lampman, M.P. Ward, J. Muturi, J. Morris, A. Caamano, and R. Novak. 2009. Geospatial variability in the egg raft distribution and abundance of Culex pipiens and Culex restuans in Urbana-Champaign, Illinois. TRES: International Journal of Remote Sensing 30: 2005-2019. (PDF)

Alessi, M.G., A. Raim, T.A. Beveroth, M.N. Barron, and M.P. Ward. 2009. Use of heat-shrink tubing to attach radio transmitters to bird retrices. North American Bird Bander 34: 1-6.


Horn, J.A., M.P. Ward, M.G. Alessi, T.A. Danner, and R.J. Novak. 2007. Observations of a northern cardinal nest reused by a gray catbird in the same season. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119: 761-763.


Ward, M.P., A. Raim, S. Yaremych, and R. Novak. 2006. Does the roosting behavior of birds affect the transmission dynamics of West Nile virus? American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 75: 350-355. (PDF)

Beveroth, T., M.P. Ward, R. Lampman, A. Ringia, and R. Novak. 2006. The changes in seroprevalence of West Nile virus across Illinois in free ranging birds from 2001-2004. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 74: 174-179. (PDF)


Ward, M.P. and P. Weatherhead. 2005. Sex-specific differences in site fidelity and the cost of dispersal in yellow-headed blackbirds. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 59: 108-114. (PDF)

Ward, M.P. 2005. Habitat selection by dispersing yellow-headed blackbirds: evidence of prospecting and the use of public information. Oecologia 145: 1432-1939. (PDF)

Ward, M.P. 2005. The role of immigration in the decline of an isolated migratory bird population. Conservation Biology 19: 1528-1536. (PDF)


Schlossberg, S. and M.P. Ward. 2004. Using conspecific attraction to conserve endangered birds. Endangered Species Update 21: 132-138. (DOC)

Ward, M.P. and S. Schlossberg. 2004. Conspecific attraction and the conservation of territorial songbirds. Conservation Biology 18: 519-525. (PDF)